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Impact of age, sex, and size on the thermal tolerance of the adult black soldier fly (Diptera: Strat

Date of issue:2021-12-13 09:58:47Number of views:134

C. Li , N.F. Addeo, T.W. Rusch, A.J. Dickerson,A.M. Tarone, W. Hu,J.K. Tomberlin

*Corresponding author 1: chujun.li2013@gmail.com *Corresponding author 2: jktomberlin@tamu.edu

Journal of Insects as Food and Feed: 0 (0)- Pages: 1 - 12

https://doi.org/10.3920/JIFF2021.0092

Published Online: December 13, 2021

Abstract


Thermal stresses from both environmental conditions and organismal crowding are common in mass production of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). In this study, upper and lower critical thermal (CT) limits (i.e. knockdown CTmax and CTmin) for the adult black soldier fly were determined. Impacts of size, age, and sex on these critical temperatures were also assessed. The CTmax ranged from 45.0-51.0 °C with larger and older adults having a ~1 °C higher CTmax than smaller and younger adults. However, no differences in the CTmax were found between sexes, regardless of age or size. The CTmin ranged from 8.0 to 13.0 °C with larger and older females having a ~1 °C higher CTmin than males and smaller or younger females. While reporting the upper and lower critical temperatures, this study also revealed the thermal breadth (i.e. the range of body temperatures over which organisms can locomote) for adult black soldier flies across age, sex, and size. Based on these data, and when recognising not all fly populations are the same, mass-rearing facilities should determine the CTmax and CTmin for their fly population in order to optimise mating and fertile egg production, and ultimately maximise profits and sales. One degree of temperature can be the difference between success and failure in industrialised facilities.


Keywords: Hermetia illucensthermal ecologycritical temperaturesmass production


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